International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research

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Vol. 8, Issue 6, Part B (2024)

Morphological characterization and assessment of genetic variability in black gram (Vigna mungo L.) germplasm at Bastar plateau

Author(s): Vikky Kumar, Luchika Rana, Swarup Ram, JL Salam and Prafull Kumar
Abstract: Black Gram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper) is most prevalent types out of pluses crops Eighty two genotypes of Black gram collected from Bastar Region (Dantewad, Sukma, Bijapur, Kondagoan, Narayanpur, Kanker districts). The experiment was conducted in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications comprising two check varieties viz. Indira Urd Pratham and T.U. 94-2. The observations were taken at various stages of the plant's development. Determine the important morphological traits using PPV&FRA descriptors. viz. Seedling vigour, Hypocotyl colour, Growth pattern, Growth habit colour, Twining Tendency, Leaf colour, Leafiness, Stem colour, Leaf pubescence, Petiole colour, Branching pattern, Nodulation, Raceme Position, Calyx colour, Corolla colour, Pod pubescence, Immature pod colour, mature pod colour, pod sheltering in the field, terminal leaflet shape, pod shape and Seed size exhibited more variation. The lowest frequency distribution of all the traits was found in the 1% range for the mottled seed color, ovate terminal leaf shape, with abundant leaf pubescence. As a result, these traits have a distinct morphological identity that will make identification easier. For simple visibility of varietal associated traits during maintenance and resistance breeding programs, this attributes might be taken into consideration in the development of the black gram variety.
Pages: 101-110  |  65 Views  34 Downloads


International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research
How to cite this article:
Vikky Kumar, Luchika Rana, Swarup Ram, JL Salam, Prafull Kumar. Morphological characterization and assessment of genetic variability in black gram (Vigna mungo L.) germplasm at Bastar plateau. Int J Adv Biochem Res 2024;8(6):101-110. DOI: 10.33545/26174693.2024.v8.i6b.1267
International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research
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