International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research

Biochem
Journal

Printed Journal   |   Indexed Journal   |   Refereed Journal   |   Peer Reviewed Journal

Vol. 8, Issue 6, Part A (2024)

Somatic hybridization on different horticultural crops: A review

Author(s): Vishal Kaushal, Dhrubajyoti Banerjee, Sandeep Kumar, Abdul Waheed Wani, Niharika Gurung, Ajay Verma, Sanjeev Kumar, Tushar Mhaske and Dr. Suja Nabi Qureshi
Abstract: A promising method for producing asymmetrical and unbalanced polyploidy somatic hybrids in multiple kinds of plant species is somatic hybridization through protoplast fusion. By introducing new lines which are practical as superior breeding material for scion and rootstock enhancements, this strategy possesses the capacity to get better traditional breeding programmes. Somatic hybridization is noteworthy because it tackles issues related to sexual hybridization, including male/female sterility, nucellar embryogenesis, and sexual incompatibility. The successful application of somatic hybridization in horticulture is illustrated by the diffusion of genes that resist into multiple kinds of crops from similar plants, such as citrus, potato, brinjal, tomato, mango, avocado, banana, strawberry, pear, and cherry, for both biotic and abiotic stresses. Somatic hybridization permits for the exchange of many uncloned genes without being restricted by legal formalities, unlike transgenic technology. As opposed to sexual hybridization, somatic hybridization has various restrictions and constraints that may prevent it from being widely used. However, new genomic technologies provide hope in this regard. With an improved comprehension of plant genomes provided by these technologies, somatic hybridization may be used more broadly and more effectively to benefit agriculture.
Pages: 04-13  |  127 Views  95 Downloads


International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research
How to cite this article:
Vishal Kaushal, Dhrubajyoti Banerjee, Sandeep Kumar, Abdul Waheed Wani, Niharika Gurung, Ajay Verma, Sanjeev Kumar, Tushar Mhaske, Dr. Suja Nabi Qureshi. Somatic hybridization on different horticultural crops: A review. Int J Adv Biochem Res 2024;8(6):04-13. DOI: 10.33545/26174693.2024.v8.i6a.1250
International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research
Call for book chapter