International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research

Biochem
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Vol. 8, Special Issue 4, Part A (2024)

Azadirachta indica: A source of potential antibacterial activity against various bacterial strains

Author(s): Dipendu Ghosh, Bratati Mahapatra and Ria Mukhopadhyay
Abstract: Neem, scientifically known as Azadirachta indica, exhibits potent antibacterial activity due to its bioactive compounds. The plant's leaves, seeds, and oil have been traditionally used in various cultures for their medicinal properties. Neem contains nimbin, nimbidin, and azadirachtin, among other constituents, which contribute to its antibacterial effects. These compounds disrupt bacterial cell membranes, inhibit enzymes essential for bacterial growth, and interfere with DNA replication, ultimately leading to bacterial cell death.
Studies have shown that neem extracts or neem-based products display significant antibacterial activity against a wide range of bacterial strains, including Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Neem's antibacterial properties make it effective against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Additionally, neem's anti-inflammatory and immune-boosting properties further enhance its ability to combat infections. However, while neem offers promising antibacterial benefits, further research is necessary to optimize its usage, and understand potential interactions with other treatments. Nonetheless, neem stands as a natural source of antibacterial compounds with the potential to contribute to alternative or complementary antibacterial strategies.
Pages: 48-50  |  170 Views  80 Downloads


International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research
How to cite this article:
Dipendu Ghosh, Bratati Mahapatra, Ria Mukhopadhyay. Azadirachta indica: A source of potential antibacterial activity against various bacterial strains. Int J Adv Biochem Res 2024;8(4S):48-50. DOI: 10.33545/26174693.2024.v8.i4Sa.929
International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research
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