International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research

Biochem
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Vol. 8, Special Issue 2, Part B (2024)

Epidemiological, cytological, and haemato-serological analysis of canine mammary gland tumours

Author(s): Kavisha Gangwar, Brijesh Kumar Yadav, Avantika Srivastav, Ankit Negi, Chaple Prajwal Suresh, Himani Pandey, Neeraj Kumar Gangwar, Shyama N Prabhu and Renu Singh
Abstract: When it comes to neoplastic situations, a clear and early diagnosis is crucial for both human and animal patients to determine the best course of therapy and improved prognosis. The study's objective was to analyse the epidemiological, cytological, and haemato-serological aspects of canine mammary gland tumours. This included examining the tumor's consistency, cytology, blood and serum parameter analysis, breed, sex, age, and reproductive status in addition to the number and location of affected mammary glands. Between January 2021 and April 2022, a total of 53 dogs were brought to the Veterinary Clinical Complex, DUVASU, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India, with the suspicion of having a mammary gland tumour. Of them, 42 dogs had neoplastic growth and 11 dogs had inflammatory growth based on cytological examination. A total of 102 cases of various dog cancers were documented throughout this time, indicating a 41.18% incidence of mammary tumours. Older female canines between the ages of 8 and 12 were the most affected, with the German Shepherd breed having the highest incidence. A haemato-serological examination revealed a drop in serum iron levels, haemoglobin concentration, and total erythrocyte count, but an increase in total leucocyte count, primarily neutrophils, and serum calcium level. When comparing the blood neutrophil count and serum calcium level in the neoplastic state to the control, a strong association was found.
Pages: 127-133  |  287 Views  106 Downloads


International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research
How to cite this article:
Kavisha Gangwar, Brijesh Kumar Yadav, Avantika Srivastav, Ankit Negi, Chaple Prajwal Suresh, Himani Pandey, Neeraj Kumar Gangwar, Shyama N Prabhu, Renu Singh. Epidemiological, cytological, and haemato-serological analysis of canine mammary gland tumours. Int J Adv Biochem Res 2024;8(2S):127-133. DOI: 10.33545/26174693.2024.v8.i2Sb.520
International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research
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