International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research

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Vol. 8, Special Issue 1, Part G (2024)

Clinical manifestations and alterations in urine parameters in canine diabetes mellitus

Author(s): Dilip Singh Meena, Nazeer Mohammed, Kartar Singh, Pankaj Dhakarwal and Subhash Chand Meena
Abstract: The current investigation was carried out in the Jaipur, Rajasthan between April 2022 and September 2022 to assess the clinical symptoms and variations in urine parameters in diabetic canines. Two hundred dogs of varying age, sex and breeds were analysed for the presence of the symptoms such as polydipsia, polyuria, weakness or fatigue, polyphagia, obesity, rapid weight loss and rapidly growing bilateral cataracts. In our study, nine positive diabetic canines revealed, the highest cases of diabetes were found in Labrador breed dogs and age group of more than 6 years of age while females are more prone to diabetes than males. Dogs that were thought to have diabetes mellitus had their blood tested for glucose levels using an in-house glucometer. After 12 hours of fasting, dogs with a blood glucose (random) level above 140 mg/dl were retested, and only those with fasting blood glucose above 140 mg/dl were included in the current investigation. The study also included a healthy control group of 10 canines (dogs). Dogs with diabetes mellitus were tested by having their urine analysed with a standard urinalysis dip-stick kit. Nine dogs were found to have diabetes after initial testing revealed the condition. Ketone bodies, specific gravity, protein and glucose were all shown to be significantly elevated in the urine of diabetic canines, while urine pH was significantly decreased (P<0.01). Canines with diabetes did not have blood or nitrite in their urine. The most common clinical indications of diabetes in dogs were polydipsia, polyuria and weight loss, followed by polyphagia, cataract formation and vomiting.
Pages: 510-513  |  368 Views  175 Downloads


International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research
How to cite this article:
Dilip Singh Meena, Nazeer Mohammed, Kartar Singh, Pankaj Dhakarwal, Subhash Chand Meena. Clinical manifestations and alterations in urine parameters in canine diabetes mellitus. Int J Adv Biochem Res 2024;8(1S):510-513. DOI: 10.33545/26174693.2024.v8.i1Sg.407
International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research
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