Role of bio-stimulants in solanaceous vegetable crops: A review
Author(s): VM Chaudhari, NK Patel, DC Barot and Nisha Nadoda
Abstract: Bio-stimulants have a crucial role in enhancing the growth, development and overall performance of nightshade family crops. Tomato, pepper and eggplant are important Solanaceous vegetables crops at worldwide due to their nutritional value and economic significance. Bio-stimulants, which are substances or microorganisms that stimulate plant growth and improve plant health, have emerged as valuable tools for sustainable agriculture. One of the key benefits of Bio-stimulants in Solanaceous vegetable crops is their ability to enhance nutrient uptake. These crops often require high levels of nutrients to achieve optimal growth and yield. Bio-stimulants can improve the efficiency of nutrient absorption by enhancing root growth. This results in healthier plants with improved vigor and productivity. Furthermore, Bio-stimulants can enhance the tolerance of nightshade family crops to environmental stresses. Bio-stimulants can help mitigate the negative effects of these stresses by promoting the synthesis of stress-related proteins and enhancing the plant's defense mechanisms. This leads to increased resilience and improved crop performance under adverse conditions. In addition, Bio-stimulants have been found to positively influence the quality and shelf life of Solanaceous vegetable crops. Bio-stimulants can also improve the post-harvest characteristics of these crops such as firmness, color and taste, thereby extending their shelf life and marketability. Overall, the role of Bio-stimulants in Solanaceous vegetable crops is significant and multifaceted. They contribute to improved nutrient uptake, enhanced stress tolerance and enhanced crop quality. Incorporating Bio-stimulants into the cultivation practices of Solanaceous vegetable crops can lead to sustainable and more productive agriculture.