Plant tissue culture industry in India: Trends and scope
Author(s): Sheetal Dogra
Biotechnology has been globally accepted as one of the important tools for direct application in agriculture. Agricultural biotechnology includes plant tissue culture (PTC), applied microbiology, and applied molecular biology contributing to the production of crops with improved food, feed, fiber and fuel. The technique of PTC is well translated from ‘concept’ to ‘commercialization’. It is flourishing with multidirectional growth and multimillion dollar turn over. Several crop plants are routinely propagated by tissue culture technique and are being traded domestically and internationally for nearly three decades. Since PTC is a powerful technique for mass production in many crops, it has become an important tool in the nursery and farming industry. PTC technique has been responsible for bringing about the second green revolution in our country. The growth of PTC industry in India, its impact on the growing needs of the market, its business potential and the challenges this industry is facing are discussed in the review article.