International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research

Biochem
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Vol. 7, Issue 1, Part A (2023)

Effects of gestational diabetes on mothers and infants in Pakistan review article

Author(s): Amara Murtaza, Misbah Murtaza, Abbas Shahid, Kiran Fatima, Huma Samar, Hafiza Nida Shehzadi, Nimra Javed and Laraib Shahid
Abstract:
Gestational diabetes mellitus is the type of diabetes that occur during pregnancy and ended after pregnancy in many cases. The term gestation was used in the late twenty century. The release of glucose increases during normal pregnancy and insulin releases from the pancreas and control the glucose level. During the gestational period, the insulin release fell down and glucose molecules are not properly break down into their substrates. The prevalence of GDM has been observed in the age group of 27 years. GDM affects both children and mother as it causes retinopathy, neuropathy and CVDs. In children, it causes the broad shoulder of fetus and can affect many organs of baby. The high level of glucose can cause complications during delivery. Insulin therapy and metformin are safe treatment for the gestational diabetes. The mechanism underlying the effect cause in the fetus due to gestational diabetes are still known. The studies can be done to find out these mechanisms.
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International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research
How to cite this article:
Amara Murtaza, Misbah Murtaza, Abbas Shahid, Kiran Fatima, Huma Samar, Hafiza Nida Shehzadi, Nimra Javed, Laraib Shahid. Effects of gestational diabetes on mothers and infants in Pakistan review article. Int J Adv Biochem Res 2023;7(1):05-13. DOI: 10.33545/26174693.2023.v7.i1a.156
International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research
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