International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research

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International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research

Vol. 6, Issue 2, Part B (2022)

Phytochemical analysis, proximate composition and mineral profile of cleome rutidosperma found in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

Author(s): AF Akinsola and AG Oluwafemi
Abstract: This study was carried out to determine the mineral profile, proximate composition, and qualitative and quantitative phytochemical constituents of Cleome rutidosperma found in Ado-Ekiti Nigeria, using different standard chemical analytical methods. Results of the proximate analysis showed that Cleome rutidosperma comprises 11.8±0.1% moisture, 10.4±0.0% ash, 22.8±0.1% crude protein, 5.10±0.0% fiber, 4.42±0.08% crude fat and 45.5±0.0% carbohydrate. The mineral with the highest concentration was calcium (787±1 mg/100g), followed by potassium (545±6 mg/100g) and phosphorus (289±0 mg/100g). Copper had the least concentration (8.17±8.17 mg/100g) among the mineral elements analyzed, however, lead was not detected. Qualitative phytochemical screening showed that alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, phenols, saponins and terpenoids were present in the methanol extract of C. rutidosperma. Quantitative determination of the phytochemicals revealed 0.158± 0.008 mg/g; 6.25±0.01 mgTAE/g; 8.22± 0.03 mgQE/g; 0.082± 0.002 mg/g and 16.6 ± 0.3 mgTAE/g for alkaloids, total tannins, flavonoids, saponins and total phenolic content respectively. The findings of this investigation revealed that the powdered plant of Cleome rutidosperma was rich in macro minerals and phytochemicals. The plant also contained an appreciable amount of protein and carbohydrate. Therefore the plant might be a good food supplement and may be considered for production of drug
Pages: 94-100  |  91 Views  53 Downloads
How to cite this article:
AF Akinsola, AG Oluwafemi. Phytochemical analysis, proximate composition and mineral profile of cleome rutidosperma found in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. Int J Adv Biochem Res 2022;6(2):94-100. DOI: 10.33545/26174693.2022.v6.i2b.141
International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research