International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research

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International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research

Vol. 5, Issue 2, Part A (2021)

Comparative study on effect of aluminium phosphide on some nutrients and anti-nutritional factors in Arachis hypogaea

Author(s): Chibuzo Carole Nweze, Aminu Dallah and Tsalla Belove Danjuma
Abstract: The nutrients and anti-nutrients of freshly harvested Arachis hypogaea aluminium phosphide preserved (APP) non-aluminium phosphide preserved (NAPP) were investigated. The study aimed at determining the effect of aluminium phosphide on nutrients and anti-nutrients levels of legumes using A. hypogaea as a case study. The proximate composition, minerals profile and anti-nutrients were estimated using standard analytical methods. The proximate compositions showed that NAPP is significantly (P<0.05) higher than APP except the fiber (03.01±0.06mg/100g; 03.80±0.06mg/100g) and ash (01.00±0.06mg/100g; 02.23±0.06mg/100g) carbohydrate (07.40±0.06mg/100g; 03.48±0.06mg/100g), protein (19.93±0.06mg/100g; 14.94±0.06mg/100), fat (74.60±0.06mg/100g; 68.08±2.75mg/100g), and moisture content (06.40±0.06mg/100g; 3.00±0.06mg/100g). Exception of phosphorus (65.00±0.06mg/100g; 63.00±0.06mg/100g), the minerals concentration was significantly(P<0.05) higher in NAPP compared to APP. Iron (76.20±0.06mg/100g; 62.00±0.06mg/100g), potassium (38.01±0.06mg/100g; 26.20±0.06mg/100g), manganese (26.02±0.06mg/100g; 15.10±0.06mg/100g), magnesium (11.00±0.06mg/100g; 06.00±0.06mg/100g), calcium (82.10±0.06mg/100g; 72.00±0.06mg/100g) and zinc (25.01±0.06mg/100g; 14.01±0.06mg/100g).The anti-nutritional factors showed significant difference (P<0.05) higher in tannin (9.33±0.69mg/100g; 1.90±0.02mg/100g), oxalate (32.50±0.60mg/100g; 42.50±.60mg/100g), phytate (16.72±0.60mg/100g; 5.48±0.60mg/100g), alkaloid (16.72±0.60mg/100g; 5.48±0.60mg/100g) and saponins (40.74±0.60mg/100g; 38.20±0.60mg/100g) except cyanide (0.02±0.00mg/100g; 0.02±0.00mg/100g). The study showed that aluminium phosphide negatively affected the nutritional profile of A. hypogaea. Thus, the effect of aluminium phosphide should be further investigated in vivo.
Pages: 18-23  |  91 Views  42 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Chibuzo Carole Nweze, Aminu Dallah, Tsalla Belove Danjuma. Comparative study on effect of aluminium phosphide on some nutrients and anti-nutritional factors in Arachis hypogaea. Int J Adv Biochem Res 2021;5(2):18-23. DOI: 10.33545/26174693.2021.v5.i2a.70
International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research