International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research

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International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research

Vol. 4, Issue 1, Part A (2020)

A study of serum copper levels and its relation to dietary intake among rural pregnant women in Chengalpattu district, Tamil Nadu

Author(s): Dr. K Uma Maheshwari, Dr. Rajini Samuel and Dr. Balaji Rajagopalan
Abstract: Background: Copper plays a definitive role in normal function and development of the body. Previous studies have shown that suboptimal copper intake during fetal development contributes to occurrence of birth defects in humans. Copper deficiency is more common in pregnancy especially in developing countries like India. Prevalence studies on copper levels in pregnant women in south Indian population are scanty and needs to be evaluated.
Aim: The aim of this study is to assess serum copper levels during pregnancy and its association with dietary intake, socioeconomic status, gestational age and parity.
Materials and methods: This cross sectional study included a total of 54 healthy pregnant women in the rural area of chengalpettu district, Tamil Nadu. A proforma was used to collect a detailed obstetric history and their average daily dietary intake in terms of copper was assessed by using a weekly standardized food frequency questionnaire. Serum Copper level was estimated using colorimetric method.
Results: Serum copper levels were deficient in 3.7% of the study population with mean serum copper levels of 193.93±79.24 µg/dl in study population. The dietary intake of copper was found to be deficient <2 Cu (mg/day) in entire study population. There was statistically significant association between serum copper and maternal age, parity but no significant association between copper levels with respect to demographic characteristics.
Conclusion: Dietary intake of copper needs to be increased by nutrition related counselling given to pregnant women. Larger studies are required to understand the magnitude of copper deficiency among pregnant women in India.
Pages: 33-36  |  181 Views  59 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. K Uma Maheshwari, Dr. Rajini Samuel, Dr. Balaji Rajagopalan. A study of serum copper levels and its relation to dietary intake among rural pregnant women in Chengalpattu district, Tamil Nadu. Int J Adv Biochem Res 2020;4(1):33-36. DOI: 10.33545/26174693.2020.v4.i1a.45
International Journal of Advanced Biochemistry Research