Background: Metabolic syndrome is a pool of risk factors which are indicators of future development of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults. Stress is strongly associated with metabolic syndrome. Adolescents are more prone to academic stress and leads to development of metabolic syndrome also.
Aim & Objectives: A comparative study to determine prevalence of metabolic syndrome among the adolescent students appearing for competitive exams.
Methods: A comparative descriptive study was conducted among the intermediate students of 16-19 years age group. Students were selected randomly from students residing at hostel in private junior colleges, Guntur. A sample of hundred students were selected, fifty from exam appearing students and another fifty from non-exam appearing students in the present academic year. Comparison done between both the students groups. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was measured in both groups based on International Diabetes Federation Criteria. Relevant statistical tests were used to test the statistical significance.
Results: In the current study the results reveal that exam appearing students had higher values of waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose and triglycerides and lower values of HDL-Cholesterol. The prevalence of metabolic Syndrome was high among exam appearing students (34%) when compared to non-appearing students (6%). (X2=12.25, P=0.0005) The risk of metabolic syndrome in competitive exam appearing students was eight times higher than in non-exam appearing students (OR=8.07).
Conclusion: Finally we conclude that, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was significantly higher among the students appearing for competitive exams when compared to the students not appearing for competitive exams.